Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) is a lifesaving technique useful in many emergencies, including heart attack or near drowning, in which someone's breathing or heartbeat has stopped.
What should you do if someone has a cardiac arrest or heart attack?If the person is unconscious and not breathing, follow these steps:
- Call 911
- begin chest compressions. Push down in the center of the chest 2 inches (5 cm) 30 times. Pump hard and fast at the rate of at least 100/minute, faster than once per second.
- Tilt the head back and lift the chin.
- Pinch nose and cover the mouth with yours and blow until you see the chest rise. Give 2 breaths. Each breath should take 1 second.
- Continue with 30 pumps and 2 breaths until help arrives.