Beets have been shown to help cleanse the blood, cleanse the colon and strengthen the gall bladder and liver. Beetroot also enhance cardiovascular health and exercise performance. It is one of the richest dietary sources of antioxidants and naturally occurring nitrates. Nitrates are compounds which improve blood flow throughout the body – including the brain, heart, and muscles. These natural nitrates increase a molecule in the blood vessels called nitric oxide, which helps open up the vessels and allows more oxygen flow as well as lower blood pressure.
- The pectin in apples lowers LDL ("bad") cholesterol.
- Quercetin in apples may protect brain cells from free radical damage that may lead to Alzheimer's disease.
- Scientists have identified several compounds—triterpenoids—in apple peel that have potent anti-growth activities against cancer cells in the liver, lung, colon and breast.
- The pectin in apples supplies galacturonic acid to the body which lowers the body's need for insulin and may help in the management of diabetes.