Inflammatory bowel disease (Crohn's disease, and ulcerative colitis)
represents disorders occurring in the gastrointestinal tract which are chronic and relapsing.
Crohn’s disease may affect any part of the gastrointestinal tract, from the lips to the anal. In contrast to ulcerative colitis, inflammation can affect all layers of the bowel wall. Crohn's isn't limited to the GI tract and may also affect the skin, eyes, joints, and liver. Drugs that exert a topical effect are less effective in Crohn’s disease than in ulcerative colitis. Complications of Crohn's disease are blockages of the intestine due to scarring, swelling, and ulcers in the intestinal tract.
Ulcerative colitis: affects only the lining of the colon.
Both illnesses are marked by an abnormal response by the body’s immune system. People with IBD can expect to live with the disease for their entire lives, with alternating periods of remission and flare-ups.
Shared symptoms of Crohn’s Disease and Ulcerative Colitis include:
- Abdominal pain
- Rectal bleeding
- Sensation of incomplete evacuation
- Constipation (can lead to bowel obstruction)
- Loss of appetite and weight Loss
- Failure to grow in children
Treatments and drugs: